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Climate & Disturbance Interactions

Forest disturbances are sensitive to climate. Therefore, changes in disturbance are expected to be among the most profound impacts that climate will have on forest ecosystems in the coming decades. Climate can affect forest ecosystems in several ways, including abiotic disturbance (fire, drought, wind, snow, and ice) and biotic disturbance agents (insects, pathogens, and human). Warmer and drier conditions facilitate drought, fire, and insect disturbances, while warmer and wetter conditions increase disturbances from wind and pathogens. Human-caused disturbances will also be affected as climate affects disturbance regimes on the landscape. Climate-induced disturbances influence vegetation distribution, structure, and composition, and may indirectly and directly interact with one another and with climate to create novel landscapes to which humans will need to adjust (Kitzberger et al. 2012). Widespread interactions between agents are likely to amplify disturbances, while indirect climate effects, such as vegetation changes, can dampen long-term disturbance sensitivities to climate. Warming climates have already been documented to alter interactions among disturbance regimes, which have resulted in highly visible and rapidly occurring changes in landscape composition and structure. The importance of these interactions has been shown in studies across the world (Green and Saladin 2005; Parker et al. 2006). This hot topic investigates some of the effects climate may have on disturbance regimes in the U.S. and how they may interact with each other to enhance or dampen effects of climate.

Research Briefs

Syntheses

2013 The impacts of climate change on ecosystem structure and function
Nancy B. Grimm, F. Stuart Chapin, Britta Bierwagen, Patrick Gonzalez, Peter M. Groffman, Yiqi Luo, Forrest Melton, Knute Nadelhoffer, Amber Pairis, Peter A. Raymond, Josh Schimel, Craig E. Williamson
2010 Climate change and bark beetles of the western United States and Canada: direct and indirect effects
Barbara J. Bentz, Jacques Regniere, Christopher J. Fettig, E. Matthew Hansen, Jane L. Hayes, Jeffrey A. Hicke, Rick G. Kelsey, Jose F. Negron, Steven J. Seybold
2009 Global warming and stress complexes in forests of western North America
Donald McKenzie, David L. Peterson, Jeremy J. Littell

Publications/Reports

2017 Mapping the future: U.S. exposure to multiple landscape stressors
Technical Report or White Paper
Marie Oliver, Becky K. Kerns, John Kim, Jeffrey D. Kline
2017 Adapt to more wildfire in western North American forests as climate changes
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Tania L. Schoennagel, Jennifer Balch, Hannah Brenkert-Smith, Philip E. Dennison, Brian J. Harvey, Meg A. Krawchuk, Nathan Mietkiewicz, Penelope Morgan, Max A. Moritz, Ray Rasker, Monica G. Turner, Cathy L. Whitlock
2016 The science of firescapes: achieving fire-resilient communities
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Alistair M. S. Smith, Crystal A. Kolden, Travis B. Paveglio, Mark A. Cochrane, David M. J. S. Bowman, Max A. Moritz, Andrew D. Kliskey, Lilian Alessa, Andrew T. Hudak, Chad M. Hoffman, James A. Lutz, Lloyd P. Queen, Scott J. Goetz, Philip E. Higuera, Luigi Boschetti, Michael D. Flannigan, Kara M. Yedinak, Adam C. Watts, Eva K. Strand, Jan W. van Wagtendonk, John Anderson, Brian J. Stocks, John T. Abatzoglou
2016 Ecohydrological implications of drought for forests in the United States
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
James M. Vose, Chelcy Ford Miniat, Charles H. Luce, Heidi Asbjornsen, Peter V. Caldwell, John L. Campbell, Gordon E. Grant, Daniel J. Isaak, Steven P. Loheide II, Ge Sun
2016 Impact of anthropogenic climate change on wildfire across western US forests
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
John T. Abatzoglou, A. Park Williams
2016 Burn me twice, shame on who? Interactions between successive forest fires across a temperate mountain region
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Brian J. Harvey, Daniel C. Donato, Monica G. Turner
2016 Changing disturbance regimes, ecological memory, and forest resilience
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Jill F. Johnstone, Craig D. Allen, Jerry F. Franklin, Lee E. Frelich, Brian J. Harvey, Philip E. Higuera, Michelle Mack, Ross K. Meentemeyer, Margaret R. Metz, George L.W. Perry, Tania L. Schoennagel, Monica G. Turner
2015 Temperate forest health in an era of emerging megadisturbance
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Constance I. Millar, Nathan L. Stephenson
2015 Climate-induced variations in global wildfire dange from 1979 to 2013
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
William Matt Jolly, Mark A. Cochrane, Patrick H. Freeborn, Zachary A. Holden, Timothy J. Brown, G.J. Williamson, David M. J. S. Bowman
2015 Temperate forest health in an era of emerging megadisturbance
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Constance I. Millar, Nathan L. Stephenson
2015 Tree mortality from drought, insects, and their interactions in a changing climate
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
William R.L. Anderegg, Jeffrey A. Hicke, Rosie A. Fisher, Craig D. Allen, Juliann Aukema, Barbara J. Bentz, Sharon M. Hood, Jeremy W. Lichstein, Alison K. Macalady, Nate McDowell, Yude Pan, Kenneth F. Raffa, Anna Sala, John D. Shaw, Nathan L. Stephenson, Christina Tague, Melanie Zeppel
2014 Learning to coexist with wildfire
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Max A. Moritz, E. Batllori, Ross A. Bradstock, A. Malcolm Gill, J. Handmer, Paul F. Hessburg, J. Leonard, Sarah M. McCaffrey, Dennis C. Odion, Tania L. Schoennagel, Alexandra D. Syphard
2013 The impacts of climate change on ecosystem structure and function
Book or Chapter or Journal Article, Synthesis
Nancy B. Grimm, F. Stuart Chapin, Britta Bierwagen, Patrick Gonzalez, Peter M. Groffman, Yiqi Luo, Forrest Melton, Knute Nadelhoffer, Amber Pairis, Peter A. Raymond, Josh Schimel, Craig E. Williamson
2012 Can climate change increase fire severity independent of fire intensity? - Final Report to the Joint Fire Science Program
Technical Report or White Paper
Phillip J. van Mantgem, MaryBeth Keifer, Robert C. Klinger, Eric E. Knapp
2010 Climate change and bark beetles of the western United States and Canada: direct and indirect effects
Book or Chapter or Journal Article, Synthesis
Barbara J. Bentz, Jacques Regniere, Christopher J. Fettig, E. Matthew Hansen, Jane L. Hayes, Jeffrey A. Hicke, Rick G. Kelsey, Jose F. Negron, Steven J. Seybold
2010 Disturbance and landscape dynamics in a changing world
Book or Chapter or Journal Article, Synthesis
Monica G. Turner
2009 Global warming and stress complexes in forests of western North America
Book or Chapter or Journal Article, Synthesis
Donald McKenzie, David L. Peterson, Jeremy J. Littell