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Janet L. Fryer
Year Published:

Cataloging Information

Fire Ecology
Fire Effects
Ecological - Second Order
Alpine forest/krummholz, Subalpine wet spruce-fir forest, Subalpine dry spruce-fir forest

NRFSN number: 10651
FEIS number: 743
Record updated:

This FEIS species review synthesizes information on the relationship of Pinus albicaulis (whitebark pine) to fire--how fire affects the species and its habitat, effects of the species on fuels and fire regimes, and fire management considerations. Information is also provided on the species' taxonomy, distribution, basic biology, and general management. This species review can be used for fire management, restoration planning, NEPA documents, and postfire rehabilitation planning. It may also be helpful in wildlife and habitat management, and as a source of information on the general ecology of individual species.


Fryer, Janet 2002. Pinus albicaulis (whitebark pine). In: Fire Effects Information System, [Online]. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory (Producer). Available:

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