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Ellen J. Langer
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Human Dimensions of Fire Management
Organizational Learning & Innovation

NRFSN number: 15831
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In this book, Langer augments her previous work on mindfulness and artistic nature with insights on creativity. Langer discusses how creativity is not a rare trait, but a part of every person’s makeup. While all people have the ability to express themselves creatively, many people undervalue themselves, which serves to undermine expressions of creativity. By discussing a number of her own experiments and those of her colleagues, Langer discusses mindfulness and its relation to creativity. Through these experiments, a number of insights are revealed, such as benefits of uncertainty and how people learn to ignore differences.


Langer, Ellen J. 2005. On becoming an artist: reinventing yourself through mindful creativity. New York: Random House. 288 p.

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