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Kathleen M. Navarro
Year Published:

Cataloging Information

Human Dimensions of Fire Management
Human Factors of Firefighter Safety
Smoke & Air Quality
Smoke Emissions
Wildland Firefighter Health
Wildland Urban Interface

NRFSN number: 24570
FRAMES RCS number: 62289
Record updated:

Key points

-Wildland firefighters do not wear respiratory protection while working long hours and can be exposed to elevated concentrations of smoke.

-There is very limited research on long-term health of wildland firefighters from smoke exposure across an entire career.

-New emergency regulations have been enacted in California to protect outdoor workers from wildfire smoke.


Navarro, Kathleen. 2020. Working in smoke: wildfire impacts on the health of firefighters and outdoor workers and mitigation strategies. Clinics in Chest Medicine 41(4):763-769.

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